Quick and Easy Tips for Macro Photography Beginners
The successful execution of a macro photo depends on a number of factors. It is generally considered as perfect if the subject is the focal point of interest in the photo and is composed well within the frame.
Depth-of-Field and Focusing
When you focus on subjects that are very close to the field, the depth-of-field (or that in-focus are in front of and behind that point that you are actually focusing on) becomes narrower. This means that whatever aperture you’ve set, the background will still tend to be out focus. This can be remedied by using a smaller (higher f/ number) to ensure that your subject is still sharp. As a general rule, use an f-stop that is no wider/larger than f/16 to get all or most of the main subject in focus.
To ensure greater control and accuracy, use manual focus for your lens. This will enable you to see how small movements become magnified along with the subject. Making gentle adjustments to your focus ring will result in considerable differences in your focus area.
Extension tubes are place between the rear mount of the lens and the camera body. They are designed to make the lens focus closer and, hence, create a much bigger image of a small object. Many photographers opt to do this instead of buying a dedicated macro lens since this is the cheaper options. However, one should keep in mind that extension tubes can be less convenient to use when out on the field. Furthermore, with an extension tube, you tend to lose the infinity end of your focusing range.
Background and Environment
For macro photography, a simple background works best and does not distract the viewer from the actual subject. As much as possible, make sure that the subject and the background does not clash with each Whenever possible, shoot in a controlled environment. Shooting inanimate subjects is relatively easy since you can easily control aspects such as positioning and lighting. When dealing with moving subjects, try to change your perspective or use a third hand for better positioning.